台北故宮博物院 National Palace Museum, Taipei

台北故宮博物院 National Palace Museum, Taipei

台北故宮博物院

台北故宫博物院((Taipei’s National Palace Museum)是中国著名的历史与文化艺术史博物馆。坐落在台北市基隆河北岸士林区外双溪,始建于1962年,1965年夏落成。为中国宫殿式建筑,共4层,白墙绿瓦。院前广场耸立由6根石柱组成的牌坊,气势宏伟,整座建筑庄重典雅,富有民族特色。院内设有20余间展览室,文化瑰宝不胜枚举。院内收藏有自北京故宫博物院、南京国立中央博物院、沈阳故宫、热河行宫、中国青铜器之乡-宝鸡运到台湾的二十四万余件文物,所藏的毛公鼎、散氏盘等商周青铜器,历代的玉器、陶瓷、古籍文献、名画碑帖等皆为稀世之珍,展馆每三个月更换一次展品。台北故宫博物院占地总面积约16公顷,依山傍水,气势宏伟,碧瓦黄墙,充满了中国传统的宫殿色彩。博物院的主体建筑分为四层,正院呈梅花形。

The National Palace Museum (traditional Chinese: 國立故宮博物院; simplified Chinese: 国立故宫博物院; pinyin: Guólì Gùgōng Bówùyuàn) is an antique museum in Shilin, Taipei, Taiwan. It is one of the national museums of the Republic of China, and has a permanent collection of more than 696,000 pieces of ancient Chinese artifacts and artworks, making it one of the largest in the world. The collection encompasses over 8,000 years of Chinese history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing Dynasty. Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China’s ancient emperors.

The National Palace Museum and the Palace Museum in the Forbidden City in Beijing, People’s Republic of China, share the same roots. They split in two as a result of the Chinese Civil War. In English, the institution in Taipei is distinguished from the one in Beijing by the additional “National” designation. In common usage in Chinese, the institution in Taipei is known as the “Taipei Gugong” (臺北故宮), while that in Beijing is known as the “Beijing Gugong” (北京故宮).

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